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© 1998-2013  Philip Hyde, Timesizing Wire™, Box 117, Harvard Sq PO, Cambridge MA 02238 USA 617-623-8080.  Asterisks indicate links *outside this website.

Bibliography of Worktime Economics
and proliferating videos re permanent *Timesizing & emergency *worksharing in *particular, and *shorter workweeks in general

First off, the worktime economics branch of ecological economics holds that scientific economics started with Sir William Petty's The Political Arithmetick in 1690, whose very title defines scientific economics, and not with the wordy, squishy and selectively quoted "Wealth of Nations" by Adam Smith nearly a century later in 1776, whose 1-2 mentions of the visibly balancing hand of extending suffrage in politics were called the Invisible Hand (in political economy), and were stretched into a license for unregulated, sloped-playingfield, self-destructive sputtering-guttering third-world monopolism and moneysupply coagulation. Mainstream economists jumped to quantification of qualitatively flawed models instead of founding a science on The Great Quantifier, the TIME dimension (FIFTH, not 4th, in the hierarchical dimensional paradigm, and it DOES matter!!!). Here's the key sentence from Petty: "The Method I take...is not yet very usual; for instead of using only comparative and superlative Words, and intellectual Arguments [= the qualitative/rhetorical/political approach], I have taken the course (as a Specimen of the Political Arithmetick I have long aimed at) to express my self in Terms of Number, Weight, or Measure..." [= quantification of problems: mathematics as a second language, to facilitate agreement - but be very careful of the qualities at the top of the quantitative columns you are monitoring, because mathematics is still a subset of linguistics and not vice versa].

The biggest of the big-picture presentations of this new worktime type of ecological economics is on this present website and in our (Philip Hyde's) Millennium Orienteering Trilogy, particularly the third volume, Timesizing, Not Downsizing (Groundwork Ideas: Cambridge MA, 1998), whose "payload," the second half, is being edited for a new edition. And let's mention here Tom Walker's 2010 *Jobs, Liberty and the Bottom Line (12/02/2010 online draft), and Bob LaJeunesse's 2009 *Work Time Regulation as Sustainable Full Employment Strategy, which has a fabulous title. Its current subtitle, however, "- The social effort bargain," involves an unfamiliar concept that sounds vaguely pleading, when the powerful position we need explored and explained at this time would be reflected in a subtitle like "- An economic system requirement in the age of robotics."

The next-biggest big picture is provided by Bruce O'Hara's 1994 *Working Harder Isn't Working, and William McGaughey's 1981 *A Shorter Workweek in the 1980's and Thomas Geoghegan's 2010 *Were You Born on the Wrong Continent? How the European model can help you get a life, reviewed on 8/25-26/2010 #1.

"Mr. Interlocutor" for worktime economics is *Tom Walker of Vancouver. He has most recently brought out *Jobs, Liberty and the Bottom Line mentioned above, but also published articles in books, such as The "lump-of-labor" case against work-sharing: Populist fallacy or marginalist throwback? = Ch.12 in Working Time, eds. Lonnie Golden and Deborah Figart. In addition, Tom anchors the Work Less Institute of Economics, which has a *website and meets at Lugz Cafe, Broadway & Main in Vancouver (phone 604-255-4812 for details). Tom has recently come up with another well-researched article that fills in a major missing piece of the puzzle posed by Juliet Schor and Ben Hunnicutt, namely, what stopped the momentum of our greatest gauge of progress and the biggest issue in labor history, shorter working hours. Tom's article is "Missing In Action: Sir Sydney Chapman's theory of working hours and its curious disappearance from the canon of mainstream economics," available online.

Even John Maynard Keynes got into the act at the end of a lifetime (1883-1946) of supporting makework. In an April 1945 letter to T.S. Eliot (finder's credit to *Tom "Sandwichman" Walker), Keynes wrote:
..The full employment policy by means of investment [in makework alias non-market "job creation"] is only one particular application of an intellectual theorem. You can produce the result just as well by consuming more or working less. Personally I regard the investment policy as first aid. In US it almost certainly will not do the trick. Less work is the ultimate solution (a 35-hour week in US would do the trick now)...

Aside from top-priority questions like, "Is there a point or range in the process of concentrating the national income and wealth where the process starts to undermine itself?" and "If so, how do we find the range and reverse the process on a natural, market-oriented basis?" Then there's the question: Which will ‘go critical’ first, the economy or the ecology? Worktime economics has a pair of ‘Toronto kids’ working on this question, Hyde & Hayden, one for each possibility -

  1. Timesizing, Not Downsizing by Phil Hyde (now dividing his time between Ottawa-Gatineau and Boston-Cambridge), focusing on the economy, came out in Sept/98 and is available online from *Amazon.com.  Also at Porter Square Books in Cambridge, Mass., USA. Retailers can order the book from the publisher, Groundwork Ideas Press, PO Box 117, Cambridge, MA 02238.   For many of us, the economic area has already 'gone critical' in terms of deactivated consumers (e.g., 2m welfare families, 5.7m 'disabled,'  930k youth homeless plus older homeless, 2.2m incarcerated, 30k suicides/year...), but that realization is obscured by the self-insulation of affluent decision-makers, their repeated dilution of economic indexes (e.g., the unemployment rate), and their ever-consolidating ownership of the media. This last is why Phil puts priority on saving the economy: the economy's dysfunction is blocking saving the ecology.

  2. *Sharing the Work, Sparing the Planet by Anders Hayden (translation: "Other Hyde"?) focusing on the environment (published in April, 2000) - it's available from Amazon.com (click on title) or from Anders himself at ahayden@web.ca. (An earlier book on this unnecessary ecology-economics tension is Michael Common's "Sustainability and Policy: Limits to Economics" [ie: limits to physical economic expansion, not to doing more with less] {Cambridge U. Press: 1995}.)

Timesizing's technical economist is Luigi Pasinetti - see "A general multi-sector dynamic model" = chapter 5 in Structural change and economic growth (Cambridge U. Press: 1981). Timesizing's marginalist is Sir Sydney Chapman - see "Hours of Labour," in The Economic Journal, vol.19, no.75 (Sep., 1909), 353-373. (Credit: Tom Walker)

"Standing on the shoulders of giants"

Timesizing has a mother, a father, and an uncle: *Juliet Schor, and *Ben Hunnicutt, and *Jeremy Rifkin -

Timesizing also has two grandfathers and grandmother, Sydney Chapman, Arthur Dahlberg and Frances Perkins.

Timesizing also has a couple of great crusty/humorous great-grampas and a comparatively young (currently pushing 95) great-uncle,
*Thorstein Veblen, and his Canadian PhD advisee (while both were at Chicago), *Stephen Leacock,
and their Canadian-American successor, *John Kenneth Galbraith.

And we have discovered that Timesizing also has a wonderful renaissance man as its great-great grandaddy, *Jean-Charles-Léonard Simonde de Sismondi, better known as just Sismondi (or "Mondi" to his friends, according to Herold's Mistress to an Age: A Life of Madame de Staël, p.366). Why would businessmen want to implement Timesizing? Because it's in their self-interest. In this section, we'll list a few of Timesizing's 'rich uncles' - businessmen who implemented Timesizing spontaneously and wrote about it, or were written about. For more details, see our "social software" manual dba campaign piece, Timesizing, Not Downsizing, which is available online from *Amazon.com and at the Harvard Square Coop (3d flr., mgmt & economics sections) in Cambridge, Mass., USA.

Comments, questions, suggestions?  E-mail us or phone 617-623-8080 (Boston).

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